4: Marriage, Edward Craddorke and Alice Salmont, June 1634


This indenture involves a yeoman from Leeke named Edward Craddock. He is about to marry Alice Salmont, who is the daughter of John Salmont, also a yeoman, of Chedulton. Her brother William and a family friend, Edward Shorte, are listed as witnesses to the contract. The indenture details Alice’s marriage portion of 150 pounds, a guarantee that she will have the use of Edward’s property during her lifetime and establishes that their children will inherit these properties.

The only date listed on the indenture is June. The indenture is full of gaps: there is no year listed, amounts of properties are left blank, locations are missing. There are no witness signatures in the end. It would appear from the document that the marriage may not have happened.

However, research revealed that Edward and Alice were married on June 30th 1634 and baptized their first baby, a daughter named Isabella, on November 22nd 1635 (Ancestry.com).

ff 11v



14 (11v)

\Indenture upon marriage/
This indenture made the                           daie of June in the
yeares of the rainge of our soverainge Lord Charles
by the grace of god of England Scotland Ffraunce
and Ireland kinge defendoer of the faither – the tenth
Beetweene Edward Craddorke of Leeke in the county
of Staff- yeoman on thoue partie John Salmont helde
of Chedulton in the sayd county yeoman William
Salmon sonne of the sayd John and Edward-Shorte
of Mayforde in the sayd county gent on th’ other pty
wittnesseth that it is covemented condisended x
concluded and fullie agreed by and betweene
the sayd partyes in manner and forme followeing
and ffirst the sayd Edward Craddorke doth [forhm]
his executors and adminstrator and everie of them
coveunt and graunte to and with the sayd John
Salmon his evecutor and administrator by their
presents that hee the sayd Edward Shall and will
(by gods grace) espouse marrie and take to his wife
Alice Salmon one of the daughters of the sayd
John Salmon att or before the ffeast of
now next ensueinge if the lawes of the
church of England will it prit and suffer and
the sayd Alice will thereto consent and agree[1]. x
And the sayd John Salmon doth for himselfe x
his exector and adminstrator coveint and graunte
to and with the sayd Edward Craddorke his executed
and admistratoed by their presents that the sayd Alice
shall (by the like grace of god) espouse and take to her
husband the sayd Edward Craddorke at or before the
 sayd                            next if the sayd Edward will [the]
to consent and agree and the lawes of the church
of England will it permitt and suffer in considerations
of whith sayd marraige soe to bee had and solem-mised
as aforesayd and for a competent and covent joyncture

15 (12r)
to be had and made to and for the sayd Alice as alsoe for
the setlinge estateinge and establishinge of the messuag
landes and hereditaments hereafter herein mentoned x
spied and expressed to such uses as are hereafter in their
presents declared to have contuinance att the pleasure
of allmighty god and for and in consideraton of the some
of one hundreth and ffiffty poundes of good and lawfull
money of England to be payd for a marraige porton
with the sayd Alice unto the sayd Edward Craddorke
 by him the sayd John Salmon att uppon or before the
sayd                                 now next comine and for diverse
other good causes and considerations him the sayd x
Edward Craddorke moveinge hath give graunted xx
enfeoffed and confirmed and by this present doth give
graunte enfeoffe and confirme unto the sayd Edward
Shorte and William Salmon their heirs and assignes x
forever all that messuage or tent with th appertenences
scituate and beinge in the towne of Leeke in the aforesd
county of Staff. in a streete theire called the Church
streete and all and every the landed tenements meadowes
waters water                 places pathes passages libties ease
ments comons as well of pasture as of [tuvbuvy] comodities
hereditaments and premisses whatsoen with theire and
every of theme appetermentes to the same lyvinge belongeinge
or in any wise appertayneinge or therewithall demised
leassed used occupyed or enjoyed scituate lyinge and
beinge in Leeke aforesayd and in                      and lowe
or any of them in the aforesayd County of Staff-
now or late in the tennure or occupaton of the sayde
Edward Braddorke or of his assinge or assynes x
farmers and underternts and late the landes

16 (12v)
and inheritance of one George Vigars deceased
late grandfather to the sayd Edward and all other
the landes tenements and hereditaments of hi the sayd
Edward Craddorke in Leeke [Milue] Streete and low
aforesayd and every or any of them And all and all
maner of tythes of whatson finde or nature the
same bee yearely cominge groweinge asysinge happen
inge multiplyinge and encreasinge ^\tho/out of in uppon
the sayd messuages or tenent landes and tenents herediamts:
and other the presmisses aforesayd and every or any
parte or parcell thereof and the recovecon and rentons
remaynder and remainders rents and services of
all and singualr the sayd premisses and of every parties
parcell thereof to have and to hould all and singular
the sayd messuage or tent landes tents tythes here
[ditants] and all the premisses aforesayd with theire apptuance
whatsoever unto the sayd Edward Shorte and William
Salmon their heires and assignes forever to be held
of the cheife lord or lordes of the fee or ffees there
-of by the rents and services therefore put and of right
accustined to the used intent and purposed neverthelesse
hereafter in their presents menconed expressed and xx
declared and to none other use intent or purpose xx
that is to say off for and concervinge a moyetie or
one halfe of all and singular the sayd messuage or tent
landes tenement tythes hereditaments and all and everie other
the premisses aforesayd with their appreteint whatsoen
and dureing his natural life without impeachment of
any manner of waste and from and after his decease
to the use and behoofe of the sayd Alice for and during
 her natural life [leiv] of her  joyncture and in recompensed of
her dower and from and after the decease of the survivors

17 (13r)
of them the sayd Edward and Alice then to the use and behoofe
of the heires of their two bodyes between them lawfully
to be begotten and for lacke of such issue to the right x
heires of him the sayd Edward Craddorke for ex – and
of for and concerninge th’ other moyetie one halfe x
of all and singular the before menconed messuage or x
tente landes tenement hereditants tythes and other
the premisses aforesayd with theire appertuanances where
of their is noe use or estate formerlie in and by theis
presents lymited rasied and appoynted to the use and
behoofe of the sayd Edward Craddorke for and during
his natural life without impeachment of any manner
of waste and from and after his decease to the heires
of his body by him uppon the body of the sayd Alice law
-fully to bee begotten and for wante of such issue to the
right heires of the sayd Edard Craddorke forever xx
and the sayd Edward Craddorke and his heires the sayd
messuage or tenemt landed tenemt tythes hereditament
and all and singular other the premisses with their appertmentes
unto the sayd Edward Shorte and William Salmon  or their
heires and assignes to the uses aforesayd against all
people shall and will warrente and by their pesent for
ever defend and the sayd Edward Craddorke for him
selfe his executor administrator and assignes doth cove
-mit promise and graunte to and with the sayd John xx
Salmon his executor and administraors by their presents
that hee the sayd Edward shall and will att all tymes x
and from tyme and tyme for and dureing the terme
and spare of tenn years now next ensueinge att
and uppon the reasonable request of the sayd John
Salmon his heires or assignes and att thereofs and
charges of the sayd Edward Craddorke his executor
administrators or assigned doe make acknowledge
execute and suffer or cause consent and suffer to be

18 (13v)
had made done knowledged executed and suffered all and
 every such further and other reasonable act and acts xx
thinge and thinges assurances conveyances be the same
or any of them by ffyne ffeoffment release recovery or
other wise howsoever as shall bee reason by the sayd x
John Salmon his heires executer administrator or also
or by his there or any of his or theire connsell learned
for the more surely suer makinge and couveyinge
of the sayd messuages landes tenements tythes hereditamente
 and premisses aforesayd with there appertments unto
the sayd messuages landes tenement tythes heredtamente
and premisses aforesayd with there appertuments unto
the sayd Edward Shorte and William Salmon their
heires and also as forever to the uses aforesayd accordinge
to the lymitaton aforesayd true intent and meaninge xx
of their presents in wittnesse whereof ng/

 

[1]Edward Craddocke and Alice Salmon were married June 30th, 1634 in Leek. They baptized their first child, Isabella on November 22nd1635. (Ancestry, England, Select Marriages, 2014).  (Putnam, 186). 
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2 thoughts on “4: Marriage, Edward Craddorke and Alice Salmont, June 1634

  1. When I was researching this indenture I found a bit about Edward Shorte's family on Ancestry. I didn't find a conclusive date of birth, but he was a yeoman (lived in Meaford/Mayforde), had at least two sons: Thomas (who was born in 1605) and John.

    This Edward Shorte died in 1636 and was buried in Ashley, so it would make sense that he may have been born there. If married Marie Craddock, I wonder if she is a relation of Edward (the groom).

    Edward's son John had a son named Edward (grandson) and this Edward had a son named Thomas (great grandson) in 1644.. and so on. I had to reign myself in.

    It's so interesting to see how these families intermingle.

    Like

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