11. Release of Errors, Lawrence Leigh, Richard Welles, 1626

 I am fairly certain that this is the longest document in the manuscript, and it’s incredibly tedious. It’s made more tedious by the use of code for nearly all the names and places. I have attempted to pick the code apart:

CLusterfuck finalized nbr 11

This is still a work in progress, not all characters are accounted for.

ff 28

48 (28v)

\Release of Errors/
To all men to whom these presents shall come
A B Esqz and CD gent send greetinge whereas Eff-
widdow did in [trm] terme in the first yeare of kinge
Charles obteyne a judgment against us the said A
and C for 200l debt and 30s Costs of suite in his moties
Coet appeareth now knowyee that wee the said
A and C have remised released and cleerely, for us
and either of us forever quite clayme unto the
said Eff all and all mann of Error and errors writs
of error and errors and all erronious preceedings what
soever much against the said E wee or either of us
may of any tyme heare after have for and by –
reason of the said judgment soe obteyned us aforesaid
sealed with our seale dated the day, [space]
\a deede of bargaine and saile/ This indenture made pr Betweene A: B: of the
one partie and C: D: of part of the other parte withnesseth
that the said A: B: aswell for and in consideration
of a competent some of lawfull mony of England
to him the said A: B: in hand before then sealinge
and delivering of these puts by the said C: D:
well and truely satisfied contented and paid-
where of the said A: B: doth by these puts acknow-
ledge the receipt and thereof and of every parte
and parcell thereof doth acquite exonate & discharge
the said C:D: his heires executors and administrators
and every of them for ever by these puts as alsoe for
divers other good causes and vaulable consideracons
him the said A: B: heare unto especially moveinge
hath graunted aliened bargained sould conveyed
enfeoffed released and confirmed. and by these puts
doth for him and his heires fully freely and abso-
lutely grant alien bargaine sell convey enfeoffed
release and confirme unto the said C:D: his heires
and assignes forever all that messuage or tente
with the appurtenments and all house [pt] and all
such free comons of pasture and curbary and all
other comodityes libertyes priviledges proffits
apprender in and upon the vast comons and vast
grounds of or in the manns of [.]: or any parte there
 of in as liball and benficiall mann us were hereto
fore granted or ment and menconed to be –
graunted in or by any for in assurance graunt

or conveyance hearetofore made or graunted.

49(29r)
By J:K: knt to the A: B: And alsoe \all/ alwayes waters
ffifhings poffits comodityes emoluments hereditaments
and appurtences what soever to the said Messuages
or tenement and premisses lyinge belonginge or in
 any wise appteyuinge And to or with the same usuall
held used occupied or enjoyed or accepted reputed
taken knowne demised or letten as part parcell or
member thereof or as there unto belongine or ap-
pteyninge scituate lyinge and being in [S] and [Y] or
in either of them with in the said county of C: and
now or late in the [teimoee] houldinge or occupation
of the said C:D: or of his assigne or assignes and the
reservation and reservations remaynder and remaynders
whatsoever of all and singular the premisses with the
appurtenments and alsoe all the state right title interoft
use possession reservasion remainder clamyme  and –
demand what soever of him the said A: B: of in or
unto the said messuage or tente and other the –
premisses or of in or unto any part parcell or member there
of together alsoe with all such deeds charters evidence
writings escripts or onely any part or parcell thereof as
now be in the hands custody and possession of the said
A:B: or of any other person or persons to his use or by delivery
and whith hee may come by without suite in law all
whith said dees charters evidences writings escripts—
and minuments the said A: B: for him selfe his heires
[eper] administrations and assignes and every of them doth
covenant and grant by these [puts] to an with\e/said—
And: his heires and assignes to deliver or cause to be deliv
unto the said C:D: his heirs and assignes whole safe
[unmancelled] and undefaced or in as good estate and plight
as the same be now in, before the feast of [pr] next –
ensueinge the date heare of to gether with the true
coppies of all such other deeds Charters evidences—
writings escripts and minuments as now be in the hands
and posession of the said A: B: as doe [concud] the said
premisses or any part thereof joyntly, and together or
otherwise with other lands [tents] or hereditants. To
have and to hould the said messuage or tente
houses pr and hereditments and all other the premisses.
50 (29v)
before mentioned to be heareby granted aliened-
bargained sould conveied enfeoffed released and
confirmed or heareby ment mencioned or intended
to be heareby granted aliened bargianed sould
conveied enfeoffed released or confirmed and –
every part and parcell there of with an every of
their appurtenants unto the said C: D: and his
\Suite of Court reserved./    and assignes for ever more. The said C:D: and his
heires yeeldinge and doeinge for and respect of
the premisses suite and apparence to the Cost
and costs of the said A:B: his heires and assignes
to be houlden with in the said mannor of [.]
where it shall please the said A:B: his heires
or assignes to keepe the same uppon reasonable
summons to be there of given unto the said
C:D: his heires or assignes or one peny for an
\severall warrants/                      effoyne and noe more. And the said A:B: for
him selfe his heires executors administrators
and assig: ^\nes/ and every of them doth further covenent
and grant to and with the said C:D: his heires
 and assignes and every of them these presents that
hee the said A:B: and his heires the said –
messuage or tente and all other the premisses-
unto the said C:D: his heires and assignes for
ever in mannd and for me afore said against
him the said A:B: his heires and assignes and
 against all and every other person or persons what
soever lawfully clayminge by from or under him
the said A: B: shall and will awarrant and for

ever more defend by these [puts].

ff29v

\a covenant that the grantor is lawfully siesed and so shall contynew/

And the said A:B: for himselfe his heires [ept]
administrators and assignes and every of them doth
covenant permise and grant to and with the said
C:D: his heires and assignes and every of them by
these puts that hee the said A:B: at then –
these puts that hee the said A:B: at then
sealinge and delivery of these puts is an doth
stand (and untill a good perfect rightfull & absolute

 estate of inheritance in ffee simple shall be conveyed

ff30r
51(30r)
and selled to and in the said C:D: and his heires
of the said messuage lands tents and premisses
aforesaid accordinge to the intent and true [….]
meaninge of these puts shall and will stand
remaine contineue and be rightfull and absolute
sseised of and in able the said Owner and proprietor and
rightfully and absolutely siesed of an in all the said
messuage lands tents and other the premisses aforesaid
with all and singular their appurtenants before men-
coned ment and intended to be heareby graunted—
aliened pt and of every part and parcell thereof, of
a good sure absolute perfect and indefecible estate.
of inheritance in fee simple without any manner of
condition by [mittacion] alteration or other deturmination
to change end or determine the same not withstanding
any act or acts thinge or things what soever doune by
the said A:B: exceptinge onely the lease heare after
of the first and next estate to be executed an absolutely
invested to or in the said C:D: and his heires of the said
messuage lands tents and other the premisses aforesaid
accordinge to the intente lymittation and true meaneing
of these puts shall have full power lawfull right and
good authority not with standinge any act or thinge
doune by him the said A:B: except before excepted
to bargaine sell grant convey and assure the said
messuage lands tent and and all other the premisses
aforesaid unto the said C:D: & his heires in manner
and forme aforesaid.
\for quiet enjoyinge/                      And the said A:B: for him selfe and pt that hee
the said C:D: his heires and assignes shall and may
from tyme and at all tymes heareafter for ever lawfully
peaceable and quietly have hould occupie possesse
use and enjoy all and singular the said messuages [pt] &
other the before bargained premisses and every part and
parcell thereof with the appurtenances to his and their owne
personal use and behoofe for ever freely and cleerely acquitted
exonerated and discharged or other wife from tyme to time

well & sufficiently saved & kept harmelesse by the said

52 (30v)
\freed of incombrances/ A:B: his ^ \heires/ executors or administrators or some one\or/ one
of them of and from all and all manner of former
 and other guifts graunts bargaines sales alienacions
ffeoffements leases joyntures dowers and titles of dower
Statutes merchants and of the staple Recognizante
and Recognizances lands rents [.vices] averages
of rents and [.vices] Intrcions seisures funes for –
seisures uses Intyles debts indyments executions
extents and incombrances whatsoever hearetofore
had made comitted executed done procured or suffered
by the said A: B: or by any other person or persons what
soever anythinge haveinge or lawfully clayminge
to have of in or to the said premisses or of in or to
any part or parcell there of by from [oe] under him
or any the said C:D: his heires or Assignes or by
from or under their or any of their estates-
rights titles or interests one lease bearinge
date [pr] made by the said A:B: to J:K: of the
said messuages lands and presmisses for the terme
of x yeares and where upon the yearely rent
of xxs is reserves onely excepted and foreprised
\for further assurance/               And the said A:B: [er] doth futher convenant
and [xtu] that hee the said A:B: and his heires
and every or any of them shall and will att any
tyme or tymes hereafter att and upon the re-
sonable request Costs and Charges in the
 lawe of the said C:D: his heires or assignes-
acknowledge or levy any ffyne or ffynes with
[pt] laws accordinge to the lawes and statues
 in such case made and provided and suffer and
[pture] to be suffered any Comon recovery after
the manner and Course of Comon recovery with
vouchers to be had and executed according to the
and make and execute and suffer to be had made
donne knowledged and executed unto the said
C:D: his heires and assignes all and every such
further and other act and acts thing and things
Conveyances and assurances in the lawe whatsoever
assuringe of all and singular the said Messuages

lands tenent and other the before mentioned

53(31r)
premisses with th appurtenances unto the said C:D: this
hieres and assignes for ever to the sole and [xp] use and
behoofe of him the said C:D: his heires and assignes
for ever as by the said C:D: his heires or assignes or
by his or their Counsell learned in the lawes shall be
resonably devised or advised and requised.

\To leade the use of all sub-sequent assruance/

And it is Covenanted graunted Concluded confirmed
and fully agreed by and betweene all the said parties to
 these presents for them and their heires and it is the true
intent and meaneings of theis presents That all and
singulaer ffyne and ffynes recovery and recoveries and
other conveances and assurances what soever heare
after to be had made or donne knowledge levied suffered
or executed by the said A:B: his heires or
assignes or any of them together with any other
person or persons unto the said C:D: and his heires or
any of them of the before bargained premisses of of
any part or parcell there of alone. Or of the before
bargaines premissed or any part there of Joyntly or
together with any other land tenements or hereditaments
shall be and enure to the onely and shall be adjudged
expounded deemed and taken to be and enure to the
onely personal use and behoofe of him the said C:D: his
heires and assignes for ever accordinge to the true
intente and meaninge of theis presents.
And lastly the said A:B: hath made constituted
and ordayned and by their presents doth make
constitute ordyne and in his pace put his wel-
beloved in Christ [W:Y:] of [pr] and [S:K:] of [er] his
true and lawfull Attorny for him and in his
name and stead Joyntly or severally into the said
messuages lands and other the premisses or into
some part thereof I the name of the whole
to enter and possession and seisin thereof for me
and in my name to take and after full and peace-
able possession and seisin thereof soe had an taken
then to deliver full and peaceable possession and
and seisin theire of or of any part thereof in the –
name of the whole unto the said C:D: or unto his
cert^\a/yne Attorney in that behalfe lawfully author-
rized to have and to hould the same unto the said C:D:
ff 31v
54 (31v)
his heires and assignes for ever accordinge to the [tenuise]
purport effect true intene and meaninge of these puts
Rattyfyinge Confirminge and allowing by theis puts
whatsoever his said Attornyes or either of them shall
doe or cause to be donne in or about the premisses afore
said as firmely as if I myselfe had personally donne
the same In witnesse
Mr

\Award for an attorney to confess a judgment upon an original/

Mr. Richard Welle I pray appreare for me C:D:
 ever of the last will and test ament of C:D: my-
ffather att the suite of A:B: uppon an Originall
writt brought against me by the said A:B: reto-
ruable in his matiesCourt of Comon pleas at westm
for the debt of 800l  upon two severall Obligations the
one of 600land the other of 200l [rec adeilar] and confesse
the [accion] by [nonsim] informed or otherwise and this
shall be your ward for doeinge the same given under
hand this day of [er]
\An Indenture of Covenants for Conveying of a Mannor/

Betweene A:B: of [pr] and C:D: of and [xr] witnesseth

That hee the said A:B: aswell for an in consideration
of [pr] as allsoe for divers other good and valuable con-
siderations him the said A:B: heare unto especially
moveinge doth covenant permise graunt for him selfe
his heires exectors administrators and assignes and
every of them to and with the said C:D: his heires
 ever administrators and assignes and every of them
by theis putes That hee the said A:B: and his
heires shall and will before the feast day of [pr] next
ensuinge after the day of the date of their putes
at the resonable request and at the Cost & Charges
in the law of the said C:D: his heires or assignes
acknowledg and levy one fyne with [pclana] sur
and according to the lawes and statues \in/ of that
case provided unto the said C:D: and his heires off
^\all/ and singulaer that the mannor or [Loep] or S: with the
rights members and appertanments in the County of [B]
and of the Scite and Captial  messuage there of
and alsoe of all the messuages or tenenments [tqts] Crofts
Curtilages Milles Dove houses gardens Orchards
lands tents meadow leason pasture feedings Closes
in closures Comons and Comon of pasture and tu
trurbary trees woods under woods bushes furres
heaths mosses mores marshes wayes waters
55 (32r)
and water courses ffyshe and ffyshings rents [rewcons]
[frices] courts proffits of costs [seets veive] of ffrankpledge
and that that to the new of ffrankpledg doth appertaine

and allwayes [Ffrayes] privileges and fellows goods ffynes

fforfitures [andciants] libertyes priviledges and heredita
ments with their and every of their appertenments whatsoever
to the said Mannor of [Sohp] belonginge or in any wise
appertaininge or accepted reputed or taken as part parcell or
member thereof scituate lying or being in [H: L:] or B: and
in every of them and in the precinits and territoryes of them
 or any of them in the said County of B: which said ffyne
soe to be had and levyed shallbe and enure
to the onely prop use and behoofe of him the said C:D:
his his hieres and assignes for ever and to none other

use intent or purpose in any wise.

\Convenant that the vendow is lawfully seised p soe shall continue/
And the said A:B: for the considerations before mentioned
doth alsoe Covenant and graunt for him selfe [pr] That
hee the said A:B: at the tyme of the makekinge seale-
inge and exeutinge of theis presents is lawfully and –
rightfully siesed of all and singuler the said mannor or [So.p]
Capital messuage lands tents and premisses of an-
absolute estate of inheritance in fee simple of ffee-
tayle gewall imediately expectant in revertion or remain
der upon the dcease of one S:[R]: of [pr] to his one use
with out any manner of condition defeazance or lymitation
to alter diminish or determyne the same and soe will
remayne coutinew and be seised there of untill the same
same shall be by ffyne recovery ffeoffement or other good
Conveyances and assurances in the law perfectly and
absolutely setled and invested in the said C:D:  his heires
and assignes or some of them. And that the said A:B:
hat full power good right and lawfully authority to
graunt alien [pr] the said [reveucon] or remaynder  of all
the \and/ singuler the afore said mannor and premisses unto
the said C:D: and to his heires and assignes for ever
\for quiet enjoyinge/           And sllsoe that the said C:D: his heires and assignes
and every of them shall or may from tyme to tyme x
at all tymes heareafter quietly and peaceablely have
hould occupie and enjoye the aforesaid mannor or
[loep] lands and all and singuler other the before mentioned
premisses and every part parcell and member there of (except
before except) from and after the decease of the said L:M:
56 (32v)
free and Cleerely acquited exonerated and discharged
or other wise uppon reasonable request form tyme
to tyme and at all tymes heareafter saved and
\ffreed of incombrances/     kept harmelesse by the said A:B: his heires execute
and administrators at his and their or one [xp]
Costs and Charges and from all and all manner
of former and other guifts graunts bargaines
sailes alienations leases estates mortgages-
[Joynttenntryes] joyntures dowers and titles of
dower use uses wills Lymitations of uses rents
and averages of rents titles statututes-
Marchants and of the staple recognizance
and recognizances Judgments [condempuacions] extente
executions ffynes forfitures issues and [ciamte]
Intrutions and of and from all other charges
titles troubles incombrances and demands what
soeever hearetofore had made Comitted donne
knowledged suffered or executed by him the said
A:B: or by any other his ancestors (one lease
there of made unto the said S:[R]: for terme
of his life now in beinge and the rents and
services from henceforth to grow due unto the
Cheife Lord or Lords of the ffee or ffees there of
onely excepted)
\for further assurance/                 And the said A:B: doth futher Covenant [er]
That hee the said A:B: and his heirs all and
every other person and persons whatsoever haveing-
or lawfully Clayminge to have any estate right
title or interest of mor to the said Mannor-
[LoEx] lands and presmisses or of in or to any part
parcell or member thereof by from and under him
 the said A:B: or his assignes (other then such
whole estate is formerly heareby excepted) Shall
and will at any tyme or tymes heareafter within
the space of [pt] next ensuringe the date heare of
at the reasonable request and att the Costs and
Charges in the law of the said C:D: his heires
or Assignes or Some of them doe make knowledge
levy suffer and execute or cause to be had made
donne knowledge levied suffered or executed
all and every such futher and other lawfull x
reasonable act and acts thing and things devise

and devises assurance and assurances conveyances

57 (33r)
and convenances in the law whatsoever for the more
better and perfect assuringe surety and sure makeinge
sethinge and Conveyinge of all and singuler the foresaid
Mannor or [Loex] lands and presmisses to the said C:D:
and to his heires and assignes for ever To their owne
proper use and behoofe Be it or they by ffeoffement-
ffyne or ffynes recovery or recoveryes with voucher
or vouchers over deed or deeds in rolled or not inrolled
the [inrollant] of theis presents release or confirmation
with warrenty [er] or by all or any many of them
or by any other wayes or meanes whatsoever as by
the said C:D: his heires or Assignes or by his or their
Counsell learned in the lawes shall be reasonablely

devised or advised and required.

\To leade the use of the subsequent assurance/

 And that all and every ffeoffement ffynes and ffynes and
all and singulaer other the conveances and assurances
whatsoever heareafter to be had made donne knowedged
levied suffered or executed of and in the said Mannor
lands and presmisses or of any part parcell or member
there of by the said A:B: of his heires as [Connzee]
vouchee or other wise unto the said C:D: his heires
or assignes or to such other person or persons by him or
 them to be appoynted and his or their heires or
Assignes and the full force and exectuio of every of
them shall be and ensure and shall be adjudged ex-
pounded deemed and taken to be and enure at all
tymes heareafter to the onely use and behoofe of the
said C:D: his heires and assignes forever and to none

other use uses intent or purpose in any wise.

\a covenant to acknowledge a statue for ye performance of covenants/

And the said A:B: doth further covenant [er] that hee
the said A:B: shall will at and upon the requests Costs
and Charges in the lawe of the said C:D: his heires
 and assignes suffer and acknowdge one statute-
Marchant or of the staple or ace cognizance of the
[penuall] some of 1000lof lawfull money of England
to be levied of all and singuler the land goods and
Cattles of the said A:B:  his heires excutors or –
Administrators; for the true performance of all and
singular the Covenances Articles premisses Clauses
and agreements conteyned specified and Comprized
before in theise presents Indenture which on the part
58 (33v)
and behalfe of the said A:B: his heires executors
[ad]: or assignes or any of them are lymitted premissed
or covenauted to be observed performed or kept-
accordine to the true intent purpose limitation
and true meaneinge of theise presents in Witness
\Indentures of Marriage/

Witnesseth that the said A:B: and C:B: aswell

for [x] inconsideration of Two severall marriages
the one between the said A:B: and M: his
wife daughter of the said C:D: and the some of
of 200lof lawfull money of England unto the
said A:B: and E:B or the one of them as the
 marriage portion of the said [R]: by the said
 C:D: in hand paid at and upon the said Inter-
marriage between the E:B: and N: his
wife  And for provison to be made for the Joynture
and Joyntures of the said N: and M: in case they
or either of them shall happen to survive and
over live their said husbands and for the-
setlinge and estate singe of all and singulare the
messuages lands and premisses heareafter hearein
mentioned in the name and bloud of the said
 A:B:  and E:B: soe longe as it shall please god to –
Contynewe the same as alsoe in performance of cer-

taine Articles of agreement made between [er]=

\A provisoe for daughters protions in case noe issue made/

 bearinge date [er] have graunted provided all
wayes and it is heareby convenated graunted
Concluded condiscended and fully and absolutely
agreed by and betweene all the said parties to
theise presents fromfor them and their heires
That if it shall happen that said A:B: to dye
without issue male of his body uppon the bodye
of the said M: his now wife lawfully begotten
and at the tyme of his death to have onely issue
 one daughter of his body uppon the body of the said
M lawfully begotten and that the said
daughter be living at the tyme of his death that
 then hee unto whom the next and imediate re-
maynder or revertion of the said messuages
 lands and premisses or any part thereof shall then
by the intente lymittation and true meaneinge
of these presents of right belonge and appurtayne
the several estates for life formerly lymitted unto
the said M: and N: onely excepted.
59 (34r)
shall with in the space of one whole yeare next after the
death of the said A:B: well and truely satisfied con-
tented and paid to that one daughter towards her
liveinge advancement and performant the full
some of the CClof good and lawfully money of England, And
that if it shall happen the said A:B: to dye with
out issue male of his body uppon the boy of the
said M: lawfully begotten and have more daughters
the one liveinge at the tyme of death that
then such person or persons next in [rencon] or
remaynder that shall or ought by the lymitation
intent and true meaneinge of theis presents to have
and enjoy the said messuage lands and premisses
(except as is before excepted) shall with in one whole
yeare next after the decease of the said A:B: well
and truely content satisfied and pay or cause to be
paid unto the same daughters the full some of
CCClof good and lawfully money of England to be
equally devided amongst them for and towards
their mayntenance advencement and preferment
and that if it shall happen the said daughter
(or daughters if their their be more then one) [beuot] well
and truely satisfied and paid the said some of 200l
or the said some of 300l whichsoever of them shall
happen to be come due accordinge to the severall
lymitation and true meaneinge of theis presents
with one whole yeare next after the death of the
said A:B: dyinge with out issue male of his body
lawfully begotton as afresaid that then and from
thenceforth the said C:D: [er] and their heires and
the survivor and survivors of them and his and-
their heires shall stand and be seises of all and singul
singular the said messuage lands and premisses for-
merly heareby graunted [er] the lands and premisses
heareby lymitted for the severall joyntures of the
said M: and J: dureing their naturall lives onely
excepted) to the use and behoofe of such daughter
or daughters of the said A:B: untill such daughter
of the said A:B: (if there be but one) shall have levied
received and taken to her owne personal use and be hoofe of
the rents issue and proffits of the said messuages lands
60 (34v)
and premisses the full some of 200l, and if there
be more duaghters then one then untill the
same daughters have soe had levies and
recieved the said some of 300l accordinge to
the limitation intent and true meaneinge
of theis presents any thinge hearein conteyned
to the contrary in any wise not with standinge
\To levy a fyne to the same uses/     And tee the said A:B:  doth Covenant [pr] That
hee the said A:B: and M his wife at or before
the next greate and generall sessions for the
said County of Chester to be holden at the
Castle of Chester in the County aforesaid shall
and will at their owne personal costs and charges in
the lawe authacknowledg and levy in due
forme of law one fyne with [pclam] sur conuzans
de droit come ceo qui its out [de lour] done of all
and singuler the premisses heareby formerly
graunted or intended to be granted and conveyed
with their and every of their appurtenances
to the severall uses intens and purposes
before heare in and heareby mentioned lymitted
expressed and declared) unto the said C:D: [xr]
and their heires And that the said ffyne soe
to be had and levied as afore said and alsoe
all other ffynes Covenances and assurances
what soever heareafter to be had made levyed
and executed of the said premisses or of any part
there of shall be and ensure and shall be adjudged
deemed constrained and taken to be [penevre]
and the parties and counsells there unto and
their heires shall stand and be seised of the
foresaid premisses by vertue thereof to the
severall and respective intents lyumitation
and purposes formerly hearein and heareby,
ment mentioned lymitted appounted expressed
and declared and to noe other sue intent or purpose

in any wise

\Indenture [triptite allevy] fine estates [recond] at limitt use suit ceo/

Between Lawerence Leigh of [er] of the first
partie C:D: and E:FF: of the second parte and [G:H:]
and J:K: of the third parte Witnesseth that the
said L:L for divers good causes and valuable
61 (35r)
considerations him heareunto espectially moveinge doth
convenant and graunt to and with the said C:D: and E:
FF: their heires exectuors administrators and assignes and
to and with every of then by theis presents That hee the
said L:L: shall and will on this side and before the feaste
of                 next ensueinge after the date heare of uppon
his owne personal costs and charges in the alwe by ffyne or
ffynes feeoffement or ffeoffements or other good and sufficient
Conveyance and Conveyances assurance or assurances
in the lawe convey and assure or cause to be conveyed
and assured unto the said C:D: and E:FF: their heires
or assignes or to the survivors or survivor of them their
or some or one of their heires or assignes all those his –
messsuages cottages lands tenements rents revercions
 and other hereditaments with their and every of them
appurtenments scituate lyinge or beinge with in the
Townes ffeilds or hamletts of and in every or any of them
in the said County of  [space]
And it is condescended ^ \to included/ and agreed by and betweene the
said parties to their presents and the true ^\intent/ purpose and
meaneinge of the levyinge of the said ffyne or ffynes
and makeinge of the said ffeoffement or ffeoffements
and other the conveyances and assurances and every
of Them isand soe shall for ever be taken to be That the said
ffyne and ffynes ffeoffement or ffeoffements conveyance
and assurance and every of them and the state and
execution there of shall be and that the Counsel and
Counzees ffeoffee and ffeoffees therein named and every
of them their and every of their heires shall stand and
be seised of and in the said Messuages Cottages lands
tenements and hereditaments with thappurtances to be
comprised and conteyned in the said ffyne and ffynes
ffeoffement or ffeoffements Conveances or assurances to thuse
and behoofe of the said C:D: and E:Ff: and their heire
heires \to/ and the intent, purpose to make them perfect
ten\aute/ementsof the freehould of the said Messuages
Cottages lands tenements hereditaments and premisses
before mentioned That one or more writt or writts of
entre sur disscisin in le post may be sued forth brought
or conmenced by the said G:H: and J:K: or the survivor
of them against the said C:D: and E:Ff: or the survivor
of them of or forthe messuages Cottages lands tenements
hereditaments and premisses [retornable] before his
Majesties justice of assize at Chester either at the next
 
62 (35v)
generall session or assise to behoulden att Chester
aforesaid or att any other Assize to be there-
houlden with in one yeare next followinge
unto whith said writt soe to be brought
or sued out It is ^\agreed/ that the said C:D: and E:Ff:
or the survivor of them shall appeare in his
or their proper person or by his or their
lawfully Attorney or attorneys in that behalfe
lawfully authorized and there uppon shall
vouch to warranty the said L:L: who shall
 like wise appeare in his personal person or by his
lawfully Attorney or attorneyes in that be-
halfe lawfully authorized And shall there
uppon vouch to warranty the Comon vouchee
or doe or suffer to be donne all and every such act
and acts thinge or things that one or more
perfect Comon recovery or recoveryes may be
suffered and executed of the said messuages
[er] and premissed accordinge to the usuall course
of Comon recoveryes used in the said County
of Chester whith said recovery or recoveryes
soe to be had an pursued according to the
true intent and meaneings of the said part
to these presents and all other [readyes] that
shall be had or pursued of the said preisses or
any part there of where unto the said L:L: –
shall be in any wise partie or vouch It is agreed
by all the parties to theise presents shallbe and
that the said [Becoudes] and their heires and the
survivor and survivors of them and his and
their heires and all and every other person or
persons and their heires whith now are to
stand seised or with heare after shal stand and
be seised of the said Messuages [er] from and
 
63 (36r)
after the execution there of shall stand and be seised of
and in all and singuler the said premisses soe to be –
recovered or comprised in the said recovrey or recoveryes
and of every part there of And if noe recoveryes or
recovery shall be had or executed with in one yeare
next ensueinge after the date of theis presents-
That then the said ffyne or ffynes feeoffements and
ffeoffements and other the conveyances and assur
assurances before mentions to be levied had or
made unto the said C:D: and E:Ff: and their heires
or to the survivor of them and his heires shall
be and the said Counsee and Counsees in the said
ffyne or ffynes to be names and every of them and
the ffeoffee and ffeoffees in the said other conveance
and assurance Conveyances and assurances to be
named as aforesaid and every of them their and every of
their heires shall stand and be seised of and in all and
singular the said Messuages [pt] aforesaid and of
every part and parcell thereof where of noe such-
Comon Recovery or recoveryes shall be had and –x
theis present to and for thouly use and behoofe of
the said L:L: his heires and assignes forever and to
none other use intent or purpose whatsoever In
witness whereof the one part of their indentures
remayneinge with the said C:D: and E:Ff: the said
L:L: hath put his hand and seale to one other
part there of remayneinge with the said L:L:
the said C:D:E:Ff: G:H: and J:K have put their
hand and seales. And to th’other part of these
Indentures remayneinge with the said G:H: and
J:K: the said L:L: hath likewise put his hand and
seale the day and yeare first above written.
\Affeoffement/ 
Quimbz Christifidelibz adquois hoc [puts] script
Indentat [prednit] A:B: de [er] [saltm] in duo [sempitemad]
Roveritis me eundem A:B: x duis bonis causis
et consideraconibus me spialit [moden] at pretispne
in et erga pt actomplement et perform acoud quaed
dam Convencon concession et agreament.
 
64 (36v)
exparte mea pimplend et performand content
meuconat fine spificat in quibusdam indenturis
Triptit gerren datu die ao [er] habi et fact
int me pfat A:B: exprima pte C:D: et E:Ff: de [pr]
ex fida pte et [.]L: et J:K: ex tcia parte dedisse
contessisse ffeoffasse et confirmasse at p putes dare
concedere feoffate et confirmare pefat C:D: et:
E:Ff: omnia et singula messuagia Cotagia terra
teta et hereditamenta mea quetunge scituate
iaten et existen in S:Et in Con M: relin quablt
ptm hendum et tenedn ped messuagia Cotagia
terr tent et ceta anna et singula hereidtament
et premissed cu sius ptm vind suis pefat C:D:
et E:Ff: et heredibus suis upptum ad opus uses
intencoes et prosita in peduit menconat sine
recitat Indentim ex preso limittatt dclarat
sine coutent Et non ad all opus uses intentoes
sine profit quecunge trued de Captlib and dimis
feod illius p survicud inde debit et de inre consuet
et ego vero prefatus A:B: et heredes mei pedca
messuagia cotagia teeed tenta hereditamenta
et ceta pemissa predca cum eorn pin pefat
C:D: Et E:Ff: et hered sius modo et forma pedit
contu me pefat A: et heredet meo ware et
upptum defendeuo per presentes in cuius
rei testimounium ego presatus A: hurc
present script meo figillo meo apposui date [er]
f36v

f36v


The last section, which is in Latin, contains a great deal of abbreviations. It requires the skill of someone well-versed in Latin and the abbreviations used in the Law during the early Stuart period– i.e. not me, as yet. 
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2 thoughts on “11. Release of Errors, Lawrence Leigh, Richard Welles, 1626

  1. Pingback: 12. Conditional Surretude, “Three Cups”, 1626 | Charter Six

  2. Pingback: 12. 1626, Conditional Surretude | Charter Six

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